U9 – Task 1

Unit 9: Developing Performance and Production Skills, Part1: Research

Referencing

(1) http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/practitioner

 

Task 1 – Practitioner Research

 

What defines a practitioner?

My definition of a practitioner:

A practitioner is someone who specializes in a particular subject. The person will practices new things to come up with new ways of doing something better or different. Practitioners normally specialize in the arts and come up with new theories in order to help their subjects do something differently.

(1) ‘Simple Definition of practitioner

  • : a person who works in a professional medical or legal business

  • : a person who regularly does an activity that requires skill or practice’

I have choose two practitioners who are relevant to my pathway (drama)

I have choose to research Uta Hagen and Jerzy Grotowski. Firstly I wanted to further my knowledge on Hagen as I already know a little about her, her techniques interest me. I also know she has similar theories to Stanislavsky I also wanted to pick him so knowing that they are similar is good. Grotowski was new to me when researching their were lots of practitioners I was not familiar with but I had never read the name Grotowski so I will be researching someone completely new.

 

These are called “Plastiques” and involve isolations of all parts of the body.

The Life Of Uta Hagen, Unit 9: Task 1

Uta Hagen

Actress, Teacher, Writer…Legend

I have choose two practitioners who are relevant to my pathway (drama)

I have choose to research Uta Hagen and Jerzy Grotowski. Firstly I wanted to further my knowledge on Hagen as I already know a little about her, her techniques interest me. I also know she has similar theories to Stanislavsky I also wanted to pick him so knowing that they are similar is good. Grotowski was new to me when researching their were lots of practitioners I was not familiar with but I had never read the name Grotowski so I will be researching someone completely new.

I included these points about Hagen in my writing.

  • Historical Content.
  • Social context.
  • How I feel about the way she has influenced Theater.
  • Some of her famous works.

Image result for Uta Hagen life

Uta Hagen was a famous actress and teacher/practitioner. Hagen was born in Germany June 12th 1919 and passed away January 14th 2004. She spent parts of her life as an actress, but a lot part of her life she spent years training actors with her theories.She became a practitioner 1947, her carer took off in 1937.

CAREER

Below I have listened the plays Hagen stage, film and television credits.

Historical Content

When she became a practitioner, What was happening during the time she was a practitioner? How did this effect the work she did, if it did effect her work?

She became a practitioner in 1947 after a successful acting career.

(1)”Uta Hagen made her professional debut in 1937 at the age of eighteen as Ophelia in an Eva Le Galliene Hamlet in Dennis, Massachusetts. In 1938 she made her Broadway debut as Nina in the Lunts production of The Sea Gull. She played in twenty-two Broadway productions, including the legendary Othello with Paul Robeson and Jose Ferrer.”

(This proves that Hagen was excepted into the industry from a young age and started her long career).

Social Content

What had happened to her in her life to influence her to develop these techniques as a practitioner?

She met Harold Clurman when touring with the lead part in ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’ with Anthony Quinn. Clurman inspired her to write about her techniques. In her book ‘A Respect For Acting’ she mentions Clurman and comments how he was a ‘Springboard’ in her career.  He inspired her because he helped her with becoming the character instead of just wearing a mask. Becoming a realistic and believable actress.

In Hagens early life she got divorced from her husband, this may have effect on why she became a practitioner, or helped her develop those realistic performances.

 

Image result for uta hagen

 Hagen’s Acting Exercises

Below is a video I watched which contains some of Hagens exercises I have listed some that have been useful to me and why they have helped me or why I think they might help me when I am performing on stage in the future.

Below

My Notes on Uta Hagens Acting Class Part 1

Exercise 2 Fourth Side:

Wanting privacy on stage, but you have all the audience watching you. Their are three walls the two which are an actors safety zone (the wings) and then the third side the audience. Hagens exercise creates a fourth wall she believed an actor should find a light or a spot above the audience so that they don’t play into the audience. Its like eliminating the third wall of reality.

Exercise 3 Destination:

She tells her actors to watch themselves at home and recreate just two minuets of a simple task find the course of you behaviour. What is your physical destination on stage? When you are space less and don’t know what surrounds you the scene will not evolve!

  • Where did you just come from?
  • Where are you heading, give yourself a reason to be heading there.

If you have no reason to be standing your body will tense, and you will become self conscious. Make the scene develop become free! What would you normally do in that situation?

Exercise 3 changes of self:

This exercise shows that whoever you are speaking to you will become a different person. The boy in the scene spoke to three different people and each time his voice changed, so did his attitude and body shape. This is and exercise to show what people are like in everyday life when using the telephone, its a way to learn realistic and believable acting techniques.

The Life of Jerzy Grotowski Unit 9: Task 1 Research

Jerzy Grotowski

Referencing:

(1) http://culture.pl/en/artist/jerzy-grotowski

(2) http://culture.pl/en/artist/jerzy-grotowski

I have choose two practitioners who are relevant to my pathway (drama)

I have choose to research Uta Hagen and Jerzy Grotowski. Firstly I wanted to further my knowledge on Hagen as I already know a little about her, her techniques interest me. I also know she has similar theories to Stanislavsky I also wanted to pick him so knowing that they are similar is good. Grotowski was new to me when researching their were lots of practitioners I was not familiar with but I had never read the name Grotowski so I will be researching someone completely new.

I included these points about Hagen in my writing.

  • Historical Content.
  • Social context.
  • How I feel about the way she has influenced Theatre.
  • Some of her famous works.

Image result for photos of jerzy grotoiskiw

(1) “Theatre director and theoretician, educator, creator of acting methods. Born in 1933 in the city of Rzeszów in southeastern Poland and died in 1999 in Pontedera, Italy. He is considered to have been one of the greatest reformers of 20th century theatre.”

Jerzy Grotowski was born in 1933 in Rezezow, Poland. He was known for his strange theatrical techniques and beliefs. I have watched lots of records of Grotowski and his famous work. His exercise techniques and warm ups interest me the most, this is the reason I choose to research Grotowski and find more of his works. He went to study at Lunacharsky Insitute of Theatre Arts in Moscow in 1955, this is where he learnt directing. Grotowski learnt from some of the greatest practitioners names such as Stanislavsky, Tairov and Meyerhold!

Career

 

 

 

Historical Content

 

 

 

Social Content

 

 

 

Theories/exercises

My Chosen Practitioner, Technique Unit 9: Task 1

(1) https://prezi.com/chds28h4d_y8/jerzy-grotowski-acting-exercises/

IImage result for jerzy grotowski enjoyed watching Jerzy Grotowskis odd theories so I have decided to pick one of his techniques. I also think it will be a challenge to teach my class this particular technique I have choose.

The Technique

The technique is acting exercise, Grotowski believed that ‘using his actors physicality to bring out untapped emotions.’ He would make his actors run for hours, sometimes he would get them to run around in a circle or get them to jog through the woods naked. ‘Grotowskis exercises were designed to force the actor to eliminate any: “preconceptions, cliched habits, mimetic reproductions of banal realistic behavior, and all the ‘proper’ techniques of breathing, speaking and moving taught in conventional action schools”.

I think his aim was to make his actors perform and focus more on what they were doing with their bodies and less on the line. Secondly I think Grotowski’s goal in his teachings was to help the actor achieve self control. Grotowski did this lots of odd methods.

He was a believer in using his actors physicality to bring out their emotion. He would make his students run for hours though woods (sometimes naked). Sometimes he would make them run in circles or up and down in a room for long periods. He believed this would eliminate any of the techniques of breathing learnt in drama schools or proper realistic behavior. I have already tested this technique myself, after a long jog I came home and repeated one of my Shakespeare monologues. I filmed it here is the result. I did not film it before so I couldn’t prepare the two so I am not sure if it works for me.

 

I have decided to do a really quick, short video using Jess to show a simplest version of what I would do if I was to teach this to my class mates.

I forgot to include in this short clip what I would do with a class full of people, I would research more into depth and watch more of Grotowskis videos to see if I could find a video of him teaching his actors this technique. I would take a really emotional piece of script and ask them to perform it without giving them any idea what we would be about to do. I would note what their breathing was like and how they portrayed the realism of the piece. I would then take the last two remaining people from the bleep test as they would be the most exhausted, this would also save time as I wouldn’t have all day to watch each person twice. I would then note what changed within their performance and how the exercises  effected it.

One thought on “U9 – Task 1”

  1. Task 1 – Practitioners
    Good work here, Josh. Your research is very thorough and you have clearly read the brief and I feel that you’ve actually become quite inspired by the practitioners you learned about and understand how they can assist you in your own work. However, to really hit the high grades, you needed to really think about that Compare and Contrast part of the task. How and what made those two practitioners different? Was it their nationality? Their gender? The time when they were operating? Would they have got on with each other, even! Can you mix the two theories up? It’s this that we call a higher level skills, rather than describing, you’re actually analysing… The other thing we really need to look at is Harvard Referencing! You won’t be able to achieve the higher grades if you don’t use it. I’ll take you though it.

    Like

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